Listen on Spotify.
When you’re looking to cultivate a colourful garden, few flowers can offer as much variety as the rose. Horticulturalists continue to bring us more vibrant roses as well as ones of an unusual hue. You can thus depend on roses to add brilliance to your garden.
Don’t worry if you like a calmer garden though. You don’t need to grow roses of every hue. You can stick with the red or white roses that are so famous in English history. Both are sure to add a touch of class and elegance to your garden. Later, we’ll see that it’s even possible to grow blue roses. First, though, we’ll talk about classic red roses.
So, read on to discover more about the multitude of gorgeous colours roses can help bring to your garden. You’re sure to find a colour, or combination of colours that’s ideal for you.
If you grow your own red roses, you need never again fork out lots of cash for a bouquet. You’ll be able to create a glorious one filled with fragrant homegrown roses which will have a sweeter scent than any brought at your local florist.
There are different kinds of red roses you can plump for, ranging from shrub to patio roses and everything in between. To help you navigate this thicket, here are some of the best varieties available, listed by type.
There are wild shrub roses and more modern varieties you can grow, but they will look similar. These typically like sun, fertile soil, and lots of room to grow. Wild roses will often grow in poor quality, dry soil and won’t mind a bit of shade. Even so, bear in mind that most shrub roses will not thrive in shade or waterlogged soil.
- Red Blanket.
- Rosa Isabella.
- Scarlet Fire.
Hybrid tea roses
These have large petals and grow in an upright position. They do best in well-fertilised soil that freely drains but retains a little moisture. They like a lot of sun. Their upright stems make them ideal to cut and place in bouquets.
You can grow:
- Royal William.
- Deep Scarlet.
- Velvet Fragrance.
- Black Beauty.
- Ruby Wedding.
Floribunda (cluster-flowered) red roses
Floribunda roses can work well in a large container or as a front border if you have some shorter ones. Taller ones are best grown in dedicated rose beds, though they can form a lovely back border. They bloom repeatedly in summer.
Types you might want to have in your garden are:
- The Times.
- Dusky Maiden.
- Hot Chocolate (this is a brownish red rose).
These are sturdy roses that are perfect for covering a wall in your garden. They grow in small clusters of small sweet-scented flowers in early summer. They like to grow in well-drained soil in full sun but will be okay if there’s a little shade.
Rambling rose varieties include:
- Rambling Rosie.
- Crimson Shower.
Patio roses are fantastic if you don’t have much space as they can be grown in a container. They will usually flower all through the summer.
Patio roses worth considering are:
- Peter Pan.
- Red Hat Lady.
These roses are known for their intoxicating, heady scent. As with rambling roses, these can be great if you want to cover a wall or fence. It is imperative that you have fertile, well-drained soil if you aim to these roses. They can cope with equal amounts of sun and shade if they have access to enough water, particularly during summer.
Great varieties of climbing roses you can think about growing are:
- Tess of the D’Urbervilles.
- Crimson Glory.
- Danse du Feu.
With the plethora of red roses to choose from, you’ll soon find a shade that works well with the other flowers you have in your garden and suits you — whether that be a rose with a deep burgundy shade or one with a pinkish tint.
It’s time to learn how blue roses could add a modern, stylish touch to your garden. You will soon see for yourself what can be created when mankind and nature work in concert.
Blue roses don’t occur in nature. Nonetheless, they have fascinated people for years. People have been putting white roses into blue water trying to make them blue at least since the Victorian era. After many years of trying — since 1840 in fact — scientists managed to create a blue rose in 2004 by adding blue genes found in pansies to roses. Henceforth, roses that contain blue genes are called blue roses, despite most not actually being that colour.
Apart from the unusual colour, blue roses are a symbol of unattainable love and hope in Chinese folklore. Elsewhere in the world, they represent a longing for the impossible.
Varieties of blue rose include:
- Blue Nile – This produces double flowers of a deep lavender shade, and often boasts touches of violet.
- Blue Moon – A traditionally hybridised rose, or the closest thing to it you can find. It grows well in sheltered, warm areas of your garden.
- The Florigene-Suntory Rose – This is the first true-blue rose created in 2004. There is some debate as to whether they are blue or mauve. Despite this, they remain popular.
Soon, we’ll explore orange roses you can grow. Next, let’s look at pure, elegant white roses.
White roses can represent many things when combined with roses of other colours in a luxurious bouquet. The most common meanings of white roses include youthful innocence, purity, and loyalty. A single white rose can use to signal respect and love for another.
These hold religious, historical, and cultural significance around the world. The fact that they are significant in many religions led to a massive rose industry flourishing in Persia. They have been a symbol of luxury since Roman times when they were used to make rose water.
Here’s a list of white roses to consider for your garden.
- French Lace – These produce gorgeous ivory buds and grow upright and will surely catch the eye of any visitor.
- Avalanche 1991 – This rose has a beautiful fragrance and would be a good addition to any garden.
- Iceberg – The iceberg rose is one of the toughest out there. It is a floribunda rose and produces clusters of soft white petals, sometimes with just a hint of pink.
- Winchester Cathedral – These bloom repeatedly and are thus fantastic to grow in containers. It was discovered in the UK by David Austin in 1988.
- Cream Abundance – These flower from spring through to autumn. They grow in a rounded bush and have a lovely scent.
These were engineered in the mid-twentieth century by crossbreeding red and yellow roses. They proved popular and gave rise to the creation of different variations. When given to others they can express passion, joy, and thankfulness. They can also indicate you want to take your relationship with someone further because friendship has begun to turn into romantic love. They may also convey someone’s excitement and enthusiasm.
Some orange roses you can enjoy are:
- Tropicana – This climbing rose comes in vermillion, orange and coral and can be used to add pops of colour to your garden. They have long stems and glossy leaves making them perfect if you want to cut flowers for a display or bouquet.
- Daybreaker – A floribunda rose introduced to England in 2004, it blooms in big spays and results in perfectly shaped flowers.
- Korgane – The flowers of this rose have an orange-gold tint. It’s a highly scented bush rose.
- Amber Queen – The name suggests the colour of this variety. The rose was hybridised in 1983 and can reach up to a metre in height if grown in full sunlight.
- Crown Princess Margareta – This rose has petals that blend from deep apricot to true orange. It’s ideal for flower arrangements.
Yellow roses are traditionally a symbol of friendship. They can make your garden feel more cheerful and work well in broader colour schemes. There is a wide range of yellow roses to choose from, boasting shades from creamy, lemon yellows, to more sulphurous, darker hues.
Here’re a few popular specimens.
- County of Staffordshire – These bloom from June to October and are an excellent choice for growing in pots or containers and will look attractive when they spill over the side.
- The Lark Ascending – This is a lemon-coloured shrub rose that has cup-shaped blooms with a light scent.
- Mountbatten – If you’re looking for a reliable shrub rose, this is the one for you. It is also perfect if you lack space and want to grow roses in containers. The blooms are a classic shade of lemon-yellow.
- Golden Spice – A floribunda rose that’s a golden yellow hue that flowers from late spring through to autumn. Perfect if you want to create a front border.
Soon, we’ll find out more about purple roses. For now, it’s time for pink roses to take centre stage.
Before 1867, most roses were varying hues of pink. As such, these have been loved by many over time and remain popular to this day. The meaning conveyed by pink roses depends on the shade. Light pink shades symbolise sympathy or gratitude. Hot pink roses denote joy and congratulations whereas darker pink roses can signal admiration and represents honour.
A few pink roses you might consider adding to your garden are:
- Jasmina – A climbing rose that is a bright pink and is sure to liven up any garden. On top of that, in the evening this flower smells akin to ripe apples.
- Frederic Mistral -These pale pink blooms are a feast for the eyes and exude a heady scent and are a charming prospect for your garden.
- The Fairy – This has numerous, small salmon-coloured flowers. It can be a great groundcover rose or be grown with equal success in a flowerpot or container. Either way, this is an impressive, attractive rose.
- The Tiffany Rose -This flower has wonderfully shaped petals and an intense fragrance. It blooms throughout the year.
Purple roses can be found in the wild, but cross hybridisation has allowed for the proliferation of many different varieties and more vibrant shades. When gifted, they denote love and elegance. Lighter purple roses would indicate true love whist if you gave someone darker purple rose, it would symbolise a longer-lasting romance, love, and passion. As purple was a colour associated for many years, giving someone purple roses can also mean you want to give that all the riches of the world.
Purple roses can be lilac, lavender and plum. Some blue flowers are often also classified as purple.
Beautiful varieties include:
- Neptune Rose – This rose is known for its deep purple buds and will bloom more than once.
- Basye’s Purple Rose -The petals of this flower are a dark plum colour, and it will flower in summer if grown in direct sunlight.
- Lavender Lassie -This rose was hybridised in 1960. Its petals blend from light pink into mauve and will grow well in full sun or partial shade.
- Bleu Magenta -A rambling rose that can present shades ranging from mauve to bright purple. It grows in attractive clusters.
We’ve covered multiple beautiful varieties of rose, from classic red, pink and white ones, to wonderful, fragrant hybridised flowers that can add unusual accents to your garden. If you read this because you were struggling to decide which varieties of rose you want to cultivate, we hope you now have more of an idea. You may even have picked up an interesting titbit or two about the meaning attached to each colourful variety.
All you need to do now is choose your favourite roses and start growing them! With so many beautiful roses available, you are bound to find some that are perfect for you.